French: Colin de Californie German: Schopfwachtel Spanish: Colín de California
Other common names:
Warner Valley Quail (orecta),
Santa Catalina Quail (catalinensis),
San Lucas Quail (achrustera)
Monterey, California, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
C. c. californica
(Shaw, 1798) – NW USA (from N Oregon and W Nevada) S to extreme NW Mexico (Los Coronados Is, off NW Baja California); also (probably introduced) from SW Canada (S British Columbia) SE to WC USA (Colorado).
C. c. orecta
(Oberholser, 1932) – SE Oregon and extreme NE California, in W USA.
C. c. brunnescens
(Ridgway, 1884) – coastal S Oregon to SC California, in W USA; also (probably introduced) Vancouver I, in SW Canada.
C. c. catalinensis
(Grinnell, 1906) – Santa Catalina I, off SW California (SW USA); also (probably introduced) nearby Channel Is (Santa Rosa and Santa Cruz).
C. c. canfieldae
(van Rossem, 1939) – EC California (Owens Valley), in W USA.
C. c. plumbea
(Grinnell, 1926) – S California S to extreme NW Mexico (N Baja California).
C. c. decolorata
(van Rossem, 1946) – C & S Baja California, in NW Mexico.
C. c. achrustera
(J. L. Peters, 1923) – extreme S Baja California, in W Mexico.
23–27 cm; male 140–230 g, female 147–185·7 g. Long black teardrop-shaped crest (sympatric Oreortyx pictus has very long, straight crest... read more
Recalls voice of C. gambelii. Three main types of vocalization (all of them very similar... read more
Very diverse habitats, depending on area, and including brushland, chaparral, desert, evergreen and... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly seeds and bulbs of Lupinus, Lotus (Fabaceae), Erodium (Geraniaceae), Trifolium, Medicago... read more
Early Apr (in S) or May–Jun (in N) to Jul–Aug; pairs start to form as early as late Feb, with males displaying to females while... read more
Sedentary; maximum movements recorded less than 27 km. Dispersal rates increase in response to... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: Safe. Important gamebird in W USA, with over 2,000,000 harvested per year, but pesent levels of controlled, non-... read more
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