no locality = Monterey, Monterey County, California, USA.
Molecular analysis indicates that present species and M. aberti are sister-taxa. Previously treated as conspecific with M. fusca. Geographical variation slight, and to some extent clinal; in California, petulans intergrades with nominate in Santa Cruz County and nominate intergrades with senicula in interior and SE, while specimens of carolae from C California show tendency towards senicula. Also, bullata, carolae and eremophila all similar to nominate and perhaps better subsumed therein; further, bullata possibly invalid, purported characters being possibly due to comparison of reddish “foxed” specimens with newer “unfoxed” ones, and, similarly, carolae difficult to characterize. Proposed race kernensis (described from Kelso Valley, in Kern County, California) is treated as a synonym of carolae. Eight subspecies tentatively recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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