Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Cameroon Sunbird (Cyanomitra oritis)


Taxonomy

French: Souimanga à tête bleue German: Blaukopf-Nektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga camerunés
Taxonomy:

Cinnyris oritis

Reichenow

, 1892,

Buea, 950 m, Mount Cameroon, Cameroon

.

Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. o. bansoensis Bannerman, 1922 – SE Nigeria (Obudu and Mambilla Plateaux) and highlands of W Cameroon (except Mt Cameroon).
  • C. o. oritis (Reichenow, 1892) – Mt Cameroon (SW Cameroon).
  • C. o. poensis Alexander, 1903 – Bioko.
  • Descriptive notes

    12–13 cm; 11–15 g, male mostly 9·8–13·8 g, female mostly 8·7–11·9 g. Male nominate race has crown and side of head to... read more

    Voice

    Song consists of bursts of metallic notes and a quiet warble interspersed with up to four repeats... read more

    Habitat

    Undergrowth in forest, forest edges, and beside streams. On Mt Cameroon in montane forest at 1200... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects and nectar. Seen to feed at Leea guineensis, Psychotria manni and unidentified Rubiaceae. Forages singly or in... read more

    Breeding

    Egg-laying in Mar–Apr, Jul and Nov–Dec in Cameroon and Apr on Bioko. Pear-shaped nest, with porch extending 5 cm above entrance... read more

    Movements

    Some altitudinal movement; descends to lower levels on Mt Cameroon, Jun–Sept.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Restrictedrange species: present in Cameroon Mountains EBA. Common within its restricted range. Frequent in Gashaka-Gumti National Park (on Mambilla... read more

    Recommended citation

    Cheke, R. & Mann, C. (2019). Cameroon Sunbird (Cyanomitra oritis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59998 on 26 August 2019).