Family Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)


Campbell Shag (Leucocarbo campbelli)


French: Cormoran de Campbell German: Campbellscharbe Spanish: Cormorán de la Campbell

Urile Campbelli


, 1878,

Campbell Island


Sometimes placed in Phalacrocorax or Euleucocarbo, but classification here follows results of a comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the entire family#R. In past, often considered to include L. ranfurlyi and L. colensoi; these three were sometimes treated as conspecific with L. carunculatus complex (carunculatus, chalconotus and onslowi), all thus being listed as races of L. carunculatus. Monotypic.


Restricted to Campbell I and adjacent offshore islands, S of New Zealand.

Descriptive notes

63 cm; 1600–2000 g; wingspan 105 cm. Adult has rather long crest on crown, head and upperparts including outer sides of thighs black with bluish gloss, greener on head... read more


Little information. Male emits barking “korr-korr” calls during courtship.


Marine. Forages equally in open sea or in sheltered coastal waters, including bays or inlets.... read more

Food and feeding

Virtually nothing known. Probably shells and fish. Feeds mainly by pursuit-diving. Sometimes fishes co-operatively, forming flocks of up to... read more


Season not well known, possibly starting in Aug/Sept and lasting until Dec. Solitary or in small to medium-sized colonies of up to c. 150... read more


Sedentary; no records outwith waters in immediate vicinity of Campbell I.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Has very small breeding range, confined to a single island; population trends unknown, assumed to be more or less stable. Total population estimated at c. 2000... read more

Recommended citation

Orta, J., Christie, D.A., Jutglar, F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Campbell Shag (Leucocarbo campbelli). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 August 2019).