Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Campo Flicker (Colaptes campestris)


French: Pic champêtre German: Feldspecht Spanish: Carpintero campestre

Picus campestris


, 1818,



Usually considered conspecific with C. campestroides, but differs in its black chin and throat in both sexes (3); moustachial area of female black with whitish tips vs whitish with vague blackish barring (moustachial area of males similar—blackish, shot with red) (2); barring stronger below, plumage darker above (1); close contact call slightly lower-pitched (1); also, hybrid zone in Paraguay (1). Birds from NE Brazil, described as race chrysosternus, considered indistinguishable from other populations. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

S Suriname and NC Brazil (near Santarem); E Brazil (Maranhão S to Mato Grosso do Sul and Santa Catarina), N & E Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz) and C Paraguay.

Descriptive notes

c. 28–31 cm; c. 155 g. Male has black forehead to nape, buffish-white lores and area around eye, more golden-buff on ear-coverts, neck and upper breast; black malar... read more


Loud double or triple whistle, notes run together more than in corresponding vocalization of C... read more


Savanna and other grassland, campos, farmland, edges. Sub-arid scrub (caatinga),... read more

Food and feeding

Predominantly ants and termites, and their brood; more than 2000 ants found in one stomach. Adult beetles, Orthoptera, and nestlings also... read more


Jan–Apr in Surinam and Jul–Nov/Dec in Brazil. Availability of nest-sites probably a crucial factor in social behaviour; groups... read more


Resident; possibly wanders to some extent.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common; locally very common. Occurs in several protected areas, e.g. Beni Biosphere Reserve (Bolivia) and Monte... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Campo Flicker (Colaptes campestris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 November 2019).