J. F. Gmelin, 1788,
Formerly considered conspecific with I. icterus and I. croconotus, but no intermediates or hybrids known in limited areas where ranges of present species and I. croconotus overlap in Brazil (R Palmeiras, in Tocantins), or where sympatry with escaped captives occurs (e.g. around Belém, Pará, in N Brazil). Proposed taxon paraguayae (described from 265 km W of Puerto Casado, in Paraguayan Chaco), sometimes treated as a race of present species or of I. croconotus, is subsumed into race strictifrons of latter. Monotypic.
NE Brazil from Maranhão and Tocantins E to Rio Grande do Norte and Paraíba, S to Minas Gerais and spreading into Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro#R.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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