Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Campo Troupial (Icterus jamacaii)


French: Oriole des campos German: Campotrupial Spanish: Turpial brasileño

O[riolus]. Jamacaii

J. F. Gmelin

, 1788,

Ceará, Brazil


Formerly considered conspecific with I. icterus and I. croconotus, but no intermediates or hybrids known in limited areas where ranges of present species and I. croconotus overlap in Brazil (R Palmeiras, in Tocantins), or where sympatry with escaped captives occurs (e.g. around Belém, Pará, in N Brazil). Proposed taxon paraguayae (described from 265 km W of Puerto Casado, in Paraguayan Chaco), sometimes treated as a race of present species or of I. croconotus, is subsumed into race strictifrons of latter. Monotypic.


NE Brazil from Maranhão and Tocantins E to Rio Grande do Norte and Paraíba, S to Minas Gerais and spreading into Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro#R.

Descriptive notes

c. 23–26 cm; male average 67·3 g, female average 58·5 g. Has head to upper breast black (ragged lower border on breast), mantle, rump to uppertail-coverts and underparts... read more


Song, by both sexes, consists of repetitions of whistled melodious phrases, e.g. “swéét-chip-swéét-... read more


Clearings and edges in primary and secondary caatinga (dry forest); regularly visits... read more

Food and feeding

Insects and other arthropods, probably small vertebrates; also nectar and fruits. Insects in stomach contents included 126 larvae of flies... read more


Season Dec–Mar (Minas Gerais); breeds during rainy season. Presumably monogamous. Solitary breeder, probably territorial. Does not build a... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Reasonably common. Apparently has expanded its range W into E Pará. Very popular as a cagebird throughout Brazil, and much trapped; nests near human... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2019). Campo Troupial (Icterus jamacaii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).