French: Bernache du Canada German: Kanadagans Spanish: Barnacla canadiense grande
Other common names:
Dusky Canada Goose (occidentalis),
Vancouver Canada Goose (fulva),
Lesser Canada Goose (parvipes),
Moffitt Canada Goose (moffitti),
Giant Canada Goose (maxima),
Hudson Bay Canada Goose (interior),
Atlantic Canada Goose (canadensis)
Subspecies and Distribution
B. c. occidentalis
(S. F. Baird, 1858) – Copper R delta and islands in Gulf of Alaska and Prince William Sound, S Alaska; winters on coasts from S British Columbia S to Oregon.
B. c. fulva
Delacour, 1951 – coastal S Alaska and W British Columbia.
B. c. parvipes
(Cassin, 1852) – C interior Alaska E throughout inland Canada to NW Hudson Bay; winters SC USA.
B. c. moffitti
Aldrich, 1946 – SW & S Canada and W USA; winters NW USA S to NW Mexico.
B. c. maxima
Delacour, 1951 – formerly Great Plains; reintroduced in Mississippi flyway.
B. c. interior
Todd, 1938 – C & E Canada and SW Greenland; winters E USA.
B. c. canadensis
(Linnaeus, 1758) – SE Canada and NE USA; winters E USA.
55–110 cm; 1310–6523 g; wingspan 122–183 cm. Unmistakable though very variable; black head and neck with white cheek patches unique. Sexes basically alike,... read more
Males of larger races give characteristic “ha-honk, ha-honk” in aggressive, territorial and pre-... read more
A very adaptable species, occurring in a wide diversity of habitats, from tundra to semi-desert and... read more
Food and feeding
Essentially vegetarian; grasses, roots, stems, leaves, fruits and green parts of aquatic plants and sedges; in winter also grain and... read more
Season varies much according to locality but concentrated in spring, may begin in early to mid Mar in S of range, but not until late Apr in... read more
Natural populations mainly migratory, flying southwards to winter in southern states of USA and... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total indigenous population of this species and B. hutchinsii (mostly the present species) over 3,000,000 birds in 1980s and... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!