Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis)


French: Paruline du Canada German: Kanadawaldsänger Spanish: Reinita canadiense

Muscicapa canadensis


, 1766,



Species is sister to all other congeners#R. Has hybridized with Geothlypis philadelphia. Monotypic.


S Canada (extreme SW Northwest Territories, NE British Columbia and N Alberta E to Nova Scotia) and NE USA E from Minnesota and S in Appalachians to extreme N Georgia. Migrates to NW South America W of Andes, S to S Peru; also irregularly S Central America.

Descriptive notes

12–15 cm; 8·5–13·5 g. Male has black forehead and face with yellow supraloral stripe and variably yellow and white eyering; crown, nape, ear-coverts... read more


Song a variable series of jumbled staccato notes, which start (and often end) with sharp “... read more


Breeds in deciduous and mixed forests with undisturbed dense understorey, also in tall brushy scrub... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds mainly on insects and other arthropods, especially spiders (Araneae); fruit recorded in faecal samples in Rhode Island. Forages at... read more


Season late May to early Aug, egg-laying May–Jul (mostly Jun). Nest a bulky cup of grass, leaves, weeds and bark shreds, lined with... read more


Long-distance migrant. An early autumn migrant and late spring migrant, both migration periods... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Listed as a species of conservation concern by US Fish & Wildlife Service. Generally common throughout range. Population density... read more

Recommended citation

Curson, J. (2020). Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).