J. F. Gmelin, 1789,
Precise affinities unclear; possible relationships with S. cerulea, S. striata and S. castanea all suggested by the available data. Hybridization with S. coronata reported, but claimed hybrid between S. striata and Parkesia noveboracensis now thought probably to have involved present species, rather than S. striata; bird described in early 19th century as Helinaia carbonata (“Carbonated Warbler”) may have been a hybrid of this species with S. striata, but generally considered to be a first-summer male of present species. Monotypic.
Canada (from SW Northwest Territories and NE British Columbia E to S Newfoundland and Nova Scotia) and NE USA (E Minnesota and C Wisconsin E to N New England). Migrates primarily to Caribbean (mainly Greater Antilles), also Bermuda and, rarely, Central America and N South America.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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