J. R. Forster, 1798,
Traditionally thought to form a species-group with G. himalayensis, G. indicus (with tenuirostris), G. rueppelli and G. fulvus, and formerly considered conspecific with G. fulvus. Recent genetic data, however, indicate that present species forms a clade with G. indicus and G. tenuirostris and that these three are sister to a clade comprising G. rueppelli and G. fulvus#R; this arrangement independently supported by study based on wider molecular sample from additional loci#R. An apparently mixed (and probably successful) pairing between present species and G. africanus was reported at last surviving colony in Namibia#R. Monotypic.
S Africa. Centred on SE Botswana and NE South Africa, and on Lesotho and E South Africa; locally in S Western Cape. Formerly bred also in Namibia, W & S Zimbabwe, W & S Mozambique (where now scarce) and Swaziland; rarely wandering N to Zambia.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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