French: Traquet du Cap German: Erdsteinschmätzer Spanish: Collalba capirotada
J. F. Gmelin, 1789,
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.
Three subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
O. p. livingstonii
(Tristram, 1868) – C Kenya S to E & N Botswana, W Swaziland and E South Africa (S to N North West Province).
O. p. neseri
Macdonald, 1952 – Angola and Namibia (except SW), W & S Botswana and N South Africa (N Northern Cape).
O. p. pileata
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – SW Namibia and South Africa (except N & E).
16–17 cm; 24–32 g. Nominate race is black on crown and face down neck side to breast, with white lower forehead and supercilium, white chin and throat; dark brown... read more
Song (often at night) a series of brief variable phrases, mainly 1–2 (up to 7) seconds long... read more
Dry grassy plains, especially recently burnt or heavily grazed areas, often with scattered bushes... read more
Food and feeding
Arthropods, especially ants, flies, locusts, beetles, bugs, bees, wasps, termites, arachnids, lucerne butterflies, and caterpillars; in the... read more
Pattern complex in E Africa, thus Apr in W Kenya, Apr–Jul, Sept and Dec–Jan in S Kenya and E Tanzania, and Apr–May and... read more
Complex and poorly understood. Dry-season breeding visitor to lowland Kenya and Tanzania (sedentary... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to abundant in Kenyan and Tanzanian highlands. Common in lowland E Africa, with a mean of 76 birds/km² in Serengeti; also present in Mara Game... read more
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