French: Myzomèle cardinal German: Kardinalhonigfresser Spanish: Mielero cardenal
J. F. Gmelin
Tanna Island, Vanuatu
Subspecies and Distribution
M. c. sanfordi
Mayr, 1931 – Rennell Cardinal Myzomela – Rennell, in S Solomon Is.
M. c. pulcherrima
E. P. Ramsay, 1881 – Makira Cardinal Myzomela – Makira (San Cristobal), Ugi and Three Sisters Is, in SE Solomons.
M. c. sanctaecrucis
F. Sarasin, 1913 – Santa Cruz Cardinal Myzomela – islands of Santa Cruz Group, including Nepani, Reef Is (Fenualoa, Lonlom), Duff Is, Nendo, Utupua, Vanikoro, and Torres Is (Hiu, Loh).
M. c. tucopiae
Mayr, 1937 – Tucopia I (E of Vanikoro), in Santa Cruz Group.
M. c. tenuis
Mayr, 1937 – Banks Is and N & C Vanuatu (S to Éfaté).
M. c. cardinalis
(J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – Vanuatu Cardinal Myzomela – S Vanuatu (Erromango, Tanna, Aniwa, Futuna, Anatom).
M. c. lifuensis
E. L. Layard & E. L. C. Layard, 1878 – Loyalty Cardinal Myzomela – Loyalty Is (Ouvéa, Lifou, Maré).
M. c. nigriventris
Peale, 1848 – Samoan Cardinal Myzomela – Samoa (Savaii, Upolu and offshore islets of Apolima, Manono and Nu’utele) and W American Samoa (Tutuila).
9–12·5 cm; male 16–23 g and female 13 g (sanfordi), male 14–18 g and female 11·5–14 g (pulcherrima), male 11·5... read more
Vocal, but not noisy, with variety of short, sharp syllables. Usual call a sharp high-pitched “... read more
Primarily forest, but occupies wide range of habitats on all islands on which recorded, occurring... read more
Food and feeding
Nectar, also pollen, possibly other plant material; also small arthropods, including insects and spiders (Araneae). A small snail (... read more
In Vanuatu season Sept to Dec/Jan, with some evidence of breeding Jun; in Samoa thought to breed in all months (nestlings found in Jul and... read more
Resident, some local movement in search of blossom or other food sources. Locally, may be... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Restrictedrange species: present in Solomon Group EBA, in Rennell and Bellona EBA, in Vanuatu and Temotu EBA, in New Caledonia EBA, and in Samoan... read more
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