Until recently considered conspecific with F. leucopus and F. cinnamomeus, but differs from latter in characters given under that species; differs from former in its grey vs brown crown (3); rather longer bill and wing (effect size for male bill 2.75, score 2) although tail fractionally shorter (ns); and distinctive song with greatest deceleration (1) and in which every note has a sharp peak followed by a downslur (3)#R. Proposed race exilis (N Colombia), purportedly more richly coloured than others in Colombia, not reliably diagnosable. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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