Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

Caribbean Martin (Progne dominicensis)


French: Hirondelle à ventre blanc German: Karibikschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina caribeña

Hirundo dominicensis

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,



See P. subis. Sister to P. cryptoleuca, based on genetic study#R; sometimes considered conspecific with this species and P. sinaloae. Monotypic.


Greater Antilles (except Cuba and I of Pines), Lesser Antilles and Tobago; non-breeding range uncertain, probably in N South America. Large numbers recorded in winter in N Suriname (Paranam)#R.

Descriptive notes

18–20 cm; 38–42 g. Male is mostly glossy steel-blue; wings and tail black, tail moderately forked; lower breast, abdomen and undertail-coverts white, under­... read more


Song is a gurgling; calls include contact calls “zwoot” and “kweet”, a... read more


Semi-open areas, especially near water and along coast, such as second-growth scrub and farmland;... read more

Food and feeding

Twelve stomachs contained 33% Hymenoptera (mainly wasps), 24% pentatomid bugs, 26% flies (Diptera), 8% beetles (Coleoptera), 8% Odonata;... read more


Generally Feb–Aug; single-brooded. Solitary or in loose groups, up to 30 pairs at one site. Nest of fibres, such as grass, twigs,... read more


Migratory, almost completely absent from West Indies Nov–Dec. Non-breeding range unknown,... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common and widespread in West Indies. Probably benefits from its frequent use of artificial nest-sites.

Recommended citation

Turner, A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Caribbean Martin (Progne dominicensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).