Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

Caribbean Martin (Progne dominicensis)


Taxonomy

French: Hirondelle à ventre blanc German: Karibikschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina caribeña
Taxonomy:

Hirundo dominicensis

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Hispaniola

.

See P. subis. Sister to P. cryptoleuca, based on genetic study#R; sometimes considered conspecific with this species and P. sinaloae. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Greater Antilles (except Cuba and I of Pines), Lesser Antilles and Tobago; non-breeding range uncertain, probably in N South America. Large numbers recorded in winter in N Suriname (Paranam)#R.

Descriptive notes

18–20 cm; 38–42 g. Male is mostly glossy steel-blue; wings and tail black, tail moderately forked; lower breast, abdomen and undertail-coverts white, under­... read more

Voice

Song is a gurgling; calls include contact calls “zwoot” and “kweet”, a... read more

Habitat

Semi-open areas, especially near water and along coast, such as second-growth scrub and farmland;... read more

Food and feeding

Twelve stomachs contained 33% Hymenoptera (mainly wasps), 24% pentatomid bugs, 26% flies (Diptera), 8% beetles (Coleoptera), 8% Odonata;... read more

Breeding

Generally Feb–Aug; single-brooded. Solitary or in loose groups, up to 30 pairs at one site. Nest of fibres, such as grass, twigs,... read more

Movements

Migratory, almost completely absent from West Indies Nov–Dec. Non-breeding range unknown,... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common and widespread in West Indies. Probably benefits from its frequent use of artificial nest-sites.

Recommended citation

Turner, A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Caribbean Martin (Progne dominicensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57711 on 21 February 2019).