Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Carmelite Sunbird (Chalcomitra fuliginosa)


Taxonomy

French: Souimanga carmélite German: Rußglanzköpfchen Spanish: Suimanga carmelita
Taxonomy:

C[erthia]. fuliginosa

Shaw

, 1812,

#R, Malembo, Cabinda, Angola

.

Considered closely related to C. rubescens and C. amethystina; all appear to hybridize. Proposed race nigrescens (described from Brazzaville, in Congo), male with supposedly darker mantle, is treated as synonym of nominate, but some authors have recommended its recognition for populations along lower R Congo. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. f. aurea (Lesson, 1847) – coasts from Sierra Leone E to Gabon and Congo.
  • C. f. fuliginosa (Shaw, 1812) – NW Angola (including Cabinda) and lower R Congo (inland to Kwamouth, DRCongo).
  • Descriptive notes

    13–14 cm; 11·6–12·2 g. Male nominate race has body plumage chocolate-brown, darkest on breast, belly and undertail-coverts, except for metallic... read more

    Voice

    Song a 0·5-second “pttrreeeee”, repeated every 2–3 seconds, and a trilling... read more

    Habitat

    Woods, plains, mangroves, swamps, plantations and gardens in coastal regions; reaches savanna in... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar and insects. Feeds at Ceiba pentandra, Delonix regia, Hibiscus, Moringa pterygosperma and... read more

    Breeding

    Laying recorded in Sept–Nov in Cameroon, Jan–Feb, Jul and Dec in Gabon, Sept and Nov in Nigeria and Sept–Dec in PRCongo.... read more

    Movements

    Disperses along coasts and strays inland.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Rare to locally common throughout range. Faces some threat, at least locally, from mangrove destruction.

    Recommended citation

    Cheke, R. & Mann, C. (2019). Carmelite Sunbird (Chalcomitra fuliginosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60004 on 19 September 2019).