Family Cardinals (Cardinalidae)

Least Concern

Carmiol's Tanager (Habia carmioli)


French: Habia de Carmiol German: Carmiolkardinal Spanish: Tangara de Carmiol

Phœnicothraupis carmioli


, 1868,

Angostura, Costa Rica


Often treated as conspecific with H. frenata, the two being morphologically very similar; further investigation needed. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. c. carmioli (Lawrence, 1868) – Caribbean slope and lowlands and very locally on Pacific slope at low passes from E Nicaragua S to extreme NW Panama (vicinity of Almirante Bay).
  • H. c. magnirostris (Griscom, 1927) – W Panama (both slopes in Veraguas).
  • H. c. lutescens (Griscom, 1927) – from C Panama (Coclé and Colón locally E to San Blas and NW Darién, generally N & E of valleys of R Chepo and R Chucunaque, and on Cerro Tacarcuna) and adjacent extreme NW Colombia (slopes of Cerro Tacarcuna, in Chocó).
  • Descriptive notes

    16 cm; 30·5–44 g. Robust tanager with heavy bill and nearly uniform plumage. Nominate race has head and entire upperparts, including upperwing-coverts and tail, intense olive... read more


    Dawn song a rapid stream of mostly short notes, some grating or wheezy, some musical, and typically... read more


    Undergrowth of humid and wet lowland and foothill forest and adjacent tall second-growth woodland,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Arthropods, including beetles (Coleoptera), cockroaches (Blattodea), crickets (Gryllidae), katydids (Tettigoniidae); also some berries and... read more


    Breeding reported in Apr in Nicaragua, Mar–May in Costa Rica and Mar in Panama. Nest a neat cup of mosses and long plant fibres, with some... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not assessed. Believed not globally threatened. Fairly common to common, especially in humid and wet hilly terrain and foothills. Occurs in several protected areas, including... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2019). Carmiol's Tanager (Habia carmioli). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 5 December 2019).