French: Mésange de Caroline German: Carolinameise Spanish: Carbonero de Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
P. c. atricapilloides
(Lunk, 1952) – SC USA (S Kansas, Oklahoma and N & C Texas).
P. c. agilis
(Sennett, 1888) – SE Oklahoma, SC & E Texas, SW Arkansas and W Louisiana.
P. c. extimus
(Todd & Sutton, 1936) – S Missouri E to Ohio, S Pennsylvania and New Jersey, S to NW Tennessee, NW North Carolina and E Virginia.
P. c. carolinensis
(Audubon, 1834) – N & E Arkansas, S Kentucky and Tennessee E to SE Virginia, S to E Louisiana, S Mississippi and N & C Florida.
11·5–13 cm; 9–12 g. Medium-sized, black-capped chickadee with grey-brown upperparts. Nominate race has forehead to crown (including eye area) and nape... read more
Most frequent call a high-pitched “chic-a-dee”, similar to that of P. atricapillus... read more
Open broadleaf woods, mostly along rivers, streams and canals, also swamp-forest and secondary... read more
Food and feeding
Food mostly small invertebrates and their larvae and eggs, including moths (Lepidoptera), bugs (Hemiptera), bees, wasps and ants (... read more
Season mid-Feb to early Jun; one brood. Monogamous, with lifelong pair-bond. Territorial, but some nests close together (c. 8 m apart);... read more
Resident. Little movement, but singles recorded C Kansas, and vagrant in S Texas, Nebraska,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common throughout range. Some reduction in numbers recorded in N Florida.
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!