Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Caroline Ground-dove (Alopecoenas kubaryi)


French: Gallicolombe de Kubary German: Karolinentaube Spanish: Paloma perdiz de las Carolinas
Other common names: White-fronted Ground-dove

Phlegoenas [sic] Kubaryi


, 1880,

Chuuk and Pohnpei, Caroline Islands


Closely related to A. jobiensis, A. xanthonurus and A. erythropterus; this group also has somewhat more distant affinities with A. sanctaecrucis, A. stairi and †A. salamonis. Formerly considered a subspecies of A. xanthonurus. Monotypic.


Chuuk (Tol I, Weno I) and Pohnpei, in C & E Caroline Is.

Descriptive notes

28 cm. Forehead, cheeks, throat and breast white; hindcrown, nape and stripe behind eye black; upperparts and wing-coverts iridescent reddish purple; flight-­feathers and... read more


Poorly documented. Said to utter a deep, moaning coo, and a whistled call.


On Pohnpei, inhabits brushy ravines and lowland forest, including mangroves. Appears to prefer... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. On Pohnpei, reported to feed on seeds, worms and small snails, and even to use stones upon which it breaks the snail... read more


On Chuuk, nests with eggs found in Feb, Apr, Jun and Sept; males with enlarged gonads taken on Pohnpei in Nov–Dec. Nest is flimsy... read more


No information available. When flushed, flies short distance with characteristic quiet, fluttery... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Previously treated as Endangered. The global population is estimated within the range of 350–1500 individuals. Population on Pohnpei was estimated as 841... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Christie, D.A., Kirwan, G.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Caroline Ground-dove (Alopecoenas kubaryi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).