French: Tétraogalle de Perse German: Kaspikönigshuhn Spanish: Perdigallo del Caspio
S. G. Gmelin
Astarabad, northern Iran
Subspecies and Distribution
T. c. tauricus
Dresser, 1876 – S & E Turkey E to W Armenia.
T. c. caspius
(S. G. Gmelin, 1784) – W Azerbaijan and NW Iran E to S Transcaspia.
T. c. semenowtianschanskii
Zarudny, 1908 – Zagros Mts, in SW Iran.
55–61 cm; male 2500–2684 g, female 1800–2344 g; wingspan 95–105 cm. Similar to T. caucasicus, but appears greyer, and breast thinly spotted... read more
Territorial call a repeated, far-carrying, drawn-out modulated whistle, “wu-oo-wee-lee-uh”, with a... read more
Mountain slopes, mostly from 2400 m up to snowline, but in some places down to 1800 m, and up to... read more
Food and feeding
Believed to be vegetarian, with similar diet to T. caucasicus, but no detailed studies. Like T. caucasicus, species flies... read more
Lays in late Apr and May; courtship usually begins in Apr. Believed to be monogamous. Nests in the open or under a rocky overhang, in a... read more
Mainly sedentary, but some altitudinal movement recorded in Turkey. In some areas does not descend... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: vulnerable. CITES I. Included on USSR Red List in 1978. Poorly known: based on extent of available habitat and abundance... read more
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