Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

Caura Antbird (Myrmelastes caurensis)


French: Alapi du Caura German: Rotaugen-Ameisenvogel Spanish: Hormiguero del Caura

Sclateria schistacea caurensis


, 1906,

Caura River Valley [= Cerro Turagua], Bolívar, Venezuela


See M. schistaceus and M. leucostigma. Appears to occupy an unusual ecological niche, suggesting relatively ancient divergence. Races poorly differentiated. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. c. caurensis (Hellmayr, 1906) – S Venezuela (W Bolívar, N Amazonas).
  • M. c. australis (J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1947) – S Venezuela (S Amazonas) and immediately adjacent N Brazil.
  • Descriptive notes

    18–19 cm; 39 g. Bill large. Male nominate race is slaty grey, upperparts slightly tinged brown, wing-coverts tipped white; underwing-coverts grey; iris deep red. Female... read more


    Loudsong a short series (e.g. 11 notes, 4 seconds) of short, buzzy (frequency-modulated) notes,... read more


    Understorey and floor of humid evergreen and semi-deciduous forest, to 1500 m. Not well known; most... read more

    Food and feeding

    Little known. Feeds on various insects, including orthopterans and hemipterans; probably also on spiders. Partners, individuals, or family... read more


    Virtually nothing known. In Serrania de la Cerbatana (Bolívar), birds paired and territorial in mid-Feb, but general lack of vocalizations... read more


    Presumed resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Tepuis EBA. Locally fairly common; in Serranía de la Cerbatana, 7 pairs located along c. 1·5 km of trail in 1998... read more

    Recommended citation

    Zimmer, K. & Isler, M.L. (2020). Caura Antbird (Myrmelastes caurensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).