French: Hirondelle à front brun German: Höhlenschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina pueblera
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Subspecies and Distribution
P. f. pallida
Nelson, 1902 – Northern Cave Swallow – S USA (S New Mexico and Texas) S to NC Mexico (S to S Chihuahua, E Durango, Zacatecas, San Luis Potosí and W Tamaulipas); some migrate to Central America (probably along Pacific coast of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua).
P. f. citata
Van Tyne, 1938 – Southern Cave Swallow – S Mexico (C Chiapas, N Yucatán Peninsula).
P. f. cavicola
Barbour & A. C. Brooks, 1917 – SE USA (Florida) and Cuba (including I of Pines).
P. f. poeciloma
(Gosse, 1847) – Jamaica.
P. f. fulva
(Vieillot, 1808) – Caribbean Cave Swallow – Hispaniola.
P. f. puertoricensis
Garrido et al., 1999 – Puerto Rico#R.
12–14 cm; 14–18 g. Nominate race has chestnut forehead to area above eye, blackish lores, glossy blue-black crown, grey-brown hindneck; mantle and back glossy... read more
Song consists of initial squeaks, a warble and a terminal series of two-tone notes; other calls are... read more
Open areas, often near water, especially ravines and cliffs where caves are present for nesting;... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes bugs (both Heteroptera and Homoptera), flies (Diptera), beetles (Coleoptera), wasps, bees and ants (Hymenoptera), butterflies... read more
Late Feb to early Sept in Texas (probably including early nest-building) and late Apr to early Aug (peak May to mid-Jul) in New Mexico;... read more
Migratory in N, resident or partial migrant in S. Often in small groups when not breeding, but... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Overall population estimated at c. 8,700,000 birds. Common throughout range. As this species’ natural nest-sites are generally... read more
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