Family Gnateaters (Conopophagidae)

Least Concern

Ceara Gnateater (Conopophaga cearae)


French: Conophage du Ceara German: Cearamückenfresser Spanish: Jejenero de Ceará

Conopophaga lineata cearæ


, 1916,

Serra de Baturité, Ceará, Brazil


Usually treated as conspecific with C. lineata, but recent trend to accord species status supported here on basis of slightly more extensive (down flanks), paler and clearer apricot vs dirty orange breast with no white upper breast patch (3); rufous vs black-lined whitish-grey postocular stripe in female (3); brighter, more rufous crown (1); shorter tail (effect size −3.37, but n=8) (2). Moreover, genetic study suggested that it lies outside the C. lineata lineage#R; on the other hand, little or no apparent difference in voice#R. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

NE Brazil in N Ceará (Serra de Baturité) and locally from Rio Grande do Norte#R S to Alagoas#R.

Descriptive notes

11·5–14 cm. Adult is distinctive compared to formerly conspecific C. lineata, having more deeply orangey plumage, and no or reduced white breast-crescent; for... read more


Apparently no known differences compared to C. lineata.


Largely restricted to upland evergreen forest (known locally as brejo), but in Rio Grande... read more

Food and feeding

Diet and foraging behaviour presumably very similar to those of C. lineata, but no specific data available.


No information.


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally common in the Serra de Baturité, in Ceará, where it has adapted to more degraded areas of habitat; and recently discovered in... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Ceara Gnateater (Conopophaga cearae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 March 2019).