Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Critically Endangered

Cebu Brown-dove (Phapitreron frontalis)


French: Phapitréron de Cebu German: Cebutaube Spanish: Vinago pardo de Cebú

Phabotreron frontalis

Bourns and Worcester

, 1894,

Cebu, Philippine Islands


Usually considered conspecific with P. amethystinus, but differs (based on two types in USNM; no other specimens known to exist) by absence of subocular eye-lines (one dark, one white) (3); chin and throat very dull buffy-rufous shading on breast to pale, warm mud-brown vs chin and throat dull rufous with darker streaking, shading on breast to medium to darkish dull brown (2); undertail-coverts pale smoky-grey vs rich tan (3); purple patch on mantle less extensive and less blue (ns[2]); back and scapulars without narrow dark edges (ns[1]). Monotypic.


Cebu (EC Philippines).

Descriptive notes

26–27 cm. Plumage is generally closer to that of recently split P. brunniceps than to other members of P. amethystinus complex, but has nape ash-grey,... read more




Apparently as P. amethystinus. A forest-dependent species.

Food and feeding

Nothing known.


Nothing known.


Presumably resident and sedentary.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Endemic to island of Cebu. Not recorded for certain since 1892. Has been considered probably extinct, as a result of the almost complete deforestation... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M., Garcia, E.F.J. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Cebu Brown-dove (Phapitreron frontalis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).