A. Wilson, 1810,
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Has been suggested that S. fusca is its closest relative, on basis mainly of similarities in vocalizations, but a recent molecular phylogeny recovered this species as sister to both S. americana and S. pitiayumi (which were both previously placed in Parula)#R. Has hybridized with Mniotilta varia. Monotypic.
Locally in SE Canada (SE Ontario, extreme S Quebec) S in E USA to N Alabama and Virginia (absent coastal Atlantic and Gulf lowlands). Migrates to W South America from N Colombia and Venezuela S to S Peru and W Bolivia.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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