Zaruma, El Oro, Ecuador.
Belongs to the “T. doliatus group” (which see). Previously thought to be closest to T. doliatus and treated as conspecific, but differs in morphology and vocalizations. More recent genetic analysis#R indicates that it is sister to a clade containing T. multistriatus, T. tenuepunctatus and T. palliatus. Plumage differences between races may be clinal. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!