Family Albatrosses (Diomedeidae)

Vulnerable

Chatham Albatross (Thalassarche eremita)


Taxonomy

French: Albatros des Chatham German: Chathamalbatros Spanish: Albatros de las Chatham
Taxonomy:

Thalassarche cauta eremita

Murphy

, 1930,

Pyramid Rock, off Pitt Island, Chatham Islands

.

Until recently considered conspecific with T. cauta, T. steadi and T. salvini, but (compared with all these, and despite its close genetic proximity to salvini#R) has strong yellow bill (3); grey hood (2); underwing with dark bases of primaries (1); longest tail (allow 1) but shortest tarsus (allow 1). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Distribution:

S & SE Pacific Ocean, breeding in Chatham Is.

Descriptive notes

90–100 cm; male 3600–4700 g, female 3100–3900 g. The extreme dark end of the T. cauta complex, it being a mid-sized, dark grey-headed albatross, with... read more

Voice

Vocalization data extremely limited, but no known differences from T. salvini.

Habitat

Marine; less pelagic than many albatrosses, frequently occurring over continental shelf and even... read more

Food and feeding

No detailed dietary information, but suspected to be mostly squid and fish, like other members of Shy Albatross complex, as well as... read more

Breeding

Annual in most instances, starting Aug, with egg-laying mostly (90%) complete by mid Sept, hatching Oct–Dec, and fledging Feb–Apr. No data... read more

Movements

During breeding season, mostly forages within 300 km of Chatham Is (frequently within just a few... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Overall population estimated at 11,000 mature individuals and 16,000 birds in total. Aerial photographs indicate that breeding population was between 3200 and... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Chatham Albatross (Thalassarche eremita). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/467267 on 15 December 2018).