Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Near Threatened

Chequer-throated Yellownape (Chrysophlegma humii)


French: Pic de Hume German: Tropfenkehlspecht Spanish: Pito gargantilla común

Chrysophlegma humii


, 1889,

Malacca and Selangor


Closely related (with C. mentale) to C. flavinucha, from which it is largely separated by altitude in area of overlap. Hitherto treated as conspecific with C. mentale, but differs in male’s thickly streaked (not small-spotted) throat, not continuing onto malar area (which in mentale is also clearly spotted) (3); crest bright pale yellow (rusty brown as on breast in mentale, where bright yellow confined to hindneck), and in female no rusty-brown supercilium extending forward to the lores (3); upperparts brighter green (1); wingpanel more rusty red vs darker crimson (ns[1]); slightly larger in bill (effect size 1.84; score 1) but shorter in wing and especially tail (effect size −3.74; score 2). Birds of E & S Borneo formerly separated as race saba. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and S peninsular Thailand to Sumatra (including Bangka) and Borneo.

Descriptive notes

c. 26–29 cm; 82–121 g. Male has dark green to olive forehead and crown, often rufous feather tips visible at side, elongated nape feathers bright pale yellow, yellow hindneck... read more


Single “kyick” calls, sometimes followed by series of longer “kwee” or... read more


Primary evergreen forest and moss forest, especially wetter parts; prefers areas with dense... read more

Food and feeding

Ants, termites (Isoptera), larvae, beetles, Orthoptera, cockroaches (Blattodea), and other insects; occasionally berries. Mostly singly,... read more


Mar–Aug; Feb–Jun in Borneo. Nest excavated 5–6 m up in dead stub. Clutch 2 or 3 eggs; no information on incubation and fledging periods.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Global population size not yet quantified, but the species is reported as uncommon to locally common. Believed... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Chequer-throated Yellownape (Chrysophlegma humii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).