Darjeeling, north India.
Often treated as conspecific with S. castanea and S. neglecta, but differs from castanea by its larger size, with longer, deeper, broader bill (3); crown only marginally paler than mantle vs obviously so (1); underparts fractionally paler (1); undertail-coverts slaty with broad white subterminal band and chestnut tips vs chestnut with mid-grey centres (2); parapatric distribution, or at least foothill vs lowland habitat (1); differs from neglecta in characters given under that species. Overlaps with S. nagaensis in parts of NE India and SE Asia, but they replace each other altitudinally. Birds in SE Bangladesh presumed to belong to this species, rather than to S. castanea. Race almorae intergrades with nominate in EC Nepal. Four subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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