French: Ganga à ventre brun German: Braunbauch-Flughuhn Spanish: Ganga moruna
Subspecies and Distribution
P. e. exustus
Temminck, 1825 – S Mauritania and Senegambia E to Sudan.
P. e. floweri
Nicoll, 1921 – Nile Valley in C Egypt (was believed almost certainly extinct, but recently rediscovered in Minya Province#R).
P. e. ellioti
Bogdanov, 1881 – SE Sudan E to Eritrea, N Ethiopia and Somalia.
P. e. olivascens
(E. J. O. Hartert, 1909) – SE South Sudan, S Ethiopia, Kenya and N Tanzania.
P. e. erlangeri
(Neumann, 1909) – SW & S Arabian Peninsula.
P. e. hindustan
R. Meinertzhagen, 1923 – SE Iran, Pakistan and most of India.
31–33 cm; male c. 170–290 g, female c. 140–240 g; wingspan 48–51 cm. Relatively small species, with elongated central tail feathers, dark underwing... read more
Flight call a rhythmic three-note phrase “whit!-kt-arrr”, first note a staccato over-slurred... read more
Typically inhabits bare semi-desert, often with scattered thorny scrubs or trees, e.g. Acacia... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly seeds, which are often hard and very small; shows a possible preference for legumes, in Pakistan and NW India taking Indigofera... read more
Period extended, with variability related to local rainfall: Jan–Apr in S India; Mar–May in N India (where chicks recorded also... read more
Sedentary and nomadic; rainfall-related movements detected in Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan and... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common and widespread through most of extensive range; very common to abundant in some areas, e.g. in N Senegambia, NC Mali, C Chad,... read more
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