Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

Chestnut-collared Swallow (Petrochelidon rufocollaris)


French: Hirondelle à bande rousse German: Rotnackenschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina cuellirrufa

Hirundo rufocollaris


, 1848,

near Callao, Lima, Peru


See P. fulva. Race aequatorialis sometimes referred to by replacement name chapmani, in mistaken belief that aequatorialis is preoccupied. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. r. aequatorialis Chapman, 1924 – SW Ecuador (Manabí S to El Oro and W Loja).
  • P. r. rufocollaris (Peale, 1848) – W Peru (S to Lima).
  • Descriptive notes

    12 cm; 14–18 g. Nominate race has dark chestnut forehead and hindneck, glossy deep blue crown and back, mantle streaked whitish, and chestnut rump; wings and tail... read more


    A rather gravelly “chrrt” noise is commonly uttered in flight.


    Cultivation and human habitations, including towns. To c. 1300 m; locally to c. 2000 m in Ecuador.

    Food and feeding

    Details of diet not known; aerial insects. Feeds in flocks, often low over ground; mixes with other hirundines. Often forages over water.


    Jan–Aug. Colonial. Nest enclosed, often with elongated entrance tunnel on side, made of mud pellets, attached to cliff face or under... read more


    Probably resident; post-breeding dispersal recorded in Ecuador.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally common in Ecuador and fairly common in Peru; has limited range. In Ecuador, largest colonies at Celica and Sozoranga (in Loja)... read more

    Recommended citation

    Turner, A. (2020). Chestnut-collared Swallow (Petrochelidon rufocollaris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 February 2020).