Family Swifts (Apodidae)

Least Concern

Chestnut-collared Swift (Streptoprocne rutila)


French: Martinet à collier roux German: Rothalssegler Spanish: Vencejo cuellirrojo

Hirundo rutila


, 1817,



Formerly placed in genus Chaetura; Chaetura nubicola is a synonym of present species. Subsequently placed in Cypseloides, but more recently both this species and closely related but less studied S. phelpsi were transferred to Streptoprocne on grounds mainly of similarities to latter genus in clutch size, development of young, and plumage. Race brunnitorques rather similar to nominate, and may be better synonymized with it. Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. r. griseifrons (Nelson, 1900) – W Mexico.
  • S. r. brunnitorques (Lafresnaye, 1844) – SE Mexico S to Panama, and Andes from Colombia S to Bolivia.
  • S. r. rutila (Vieillot, 1817) – W & N Venezuela (Andes and Coastal Range) and Trinidad.
  • Descriptive notes

    13 cm; 21·3–25·6 g. A medium-sized swift with a broad, shallowly forked tail and rather broad wings; blackish plumage, slightly paler below; most apparent... read more


    Vocalizations generally considered to be drier and more buzzy than those of other Neotropical... read more


    Mainly montane, occurring up to 3400 m in Andes. Typical altitudinal range: Ecuador, W slope 500... read more

    Food and feeding

    Specimens collected N Venezuela contained numerous Crematogaster ants. Highly gregarious. Often flocks with other swifts,... read more


    In Trinidad and W Mexico (Oaxaca) mainly May–Aug; in Colombia collected in breeding condition early Jun; in Costa Rica egg-laying mid... read more


    Partial migrant. Resident South and Central America from Honduras S. Situation in Honduras, at... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. In general, considered to be a rather local species, apparently more abundant within its South American range, where it can regularly be ­... read more

    Recommended citation

    Chantler, P., Wells, D., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2017). Chestnut-collared Swift (Streptoprocne rutila). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 November 2017).