Family Antpittas (Grallariidae)

Least Concern

Chestnut-crowned Antpitta (Grallaria ruficapilla)


French: Grallaire à tête rousse German: Rostkappen-Ameisenpitta Spanish: Tororoí compadre

Grallaria Ruficapilla


, 1842,

Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia


Long considered conspecific with G. watkinsi (which see). Racial identity of birds from Cerro Chinguela (N Peru) uncertain; tentatively included in nominate. Hybridization between present species and G. nuchalis recorded in high-elevation forest fragment in C Andes of Colombia#R. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. r. perijana Phelps, Sr & Gilliard, 1940 – Sierra de Perijá, on N Colombia–W Venezuela border.
  • G. r. nigrolineata P. L. Sclater, 1890 – Andes of Venezuela from N Trujillo S to NE Táchira.
  • G. r. avilae Hellmayr & Seilern, 1914 – N Venezuelan Andes (S Lara) and Coastal Range (E to Miranda).
  • G. r. ruficapilla Lafresnaye, 1842 – W, C & E Andes of Colombia S to CW & SE Ecuador, probably including also birds from Cerro Chinguela, in N Peru.
  • G. r. connectens Chapman, 1923 – SW Ecuador (El Oro and Loja).
  • G. r. albiloris Taczanowski, 1880 – Pacific slope of NW Peru S to La Libertad#R.
  • G. r. interior J. T. Zimmer, 1934 – W slope of C Andes of Peru in Amazonas and San Martín.
  • Descriptive notes

    18·5–19 cm; male 70–98 g, three females 70–92 g. Adult has crown, head side, nape and moustache rufous; upperparts olivaceous; underparts white,... read more


    Song 1·1–1·4 seconds long, given at intervals of 5–12 seconds, a series... read more


    Forest borders, forest clearings, second growth, bamboo stands; semi-humid groves and thickets in... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet includes spiders, caterpillars and ground-dwelling insects. Hops on ground, usually under cover; occasionally in the open along edges... read more


    Breeds mainly in May–Aug in coastal Venezuela; in Colombia, specimens in breeding condition in Apr–Sept in N (N end of W Andes... read more


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common and widespread in Peru, Colombia, Venezuela and W Ecuador. Occurs commonly in several protected areas, including Macarao,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Krabbe, N.K. & Schulenberg, T.S. (2020). Chestnut-crowned Antpitta (Grallaria ruficapilla). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 April 2020).