Family Toucans (Ramphastidae)

Least Concern

Chestnut-eared Araçari (Pteroglossus castanotis)


French: Araçari à oreillons roux German: Braunohrarassari Spanish: Arasarí caripardo

Pteroglossus castanotis


, 1834,

River Solimões, Brazil


Genetic data indicate that present species, P. aracari and P. pluricinctus form a monophyletic group (see P. aracari) belonging to the P. torquatus group (which see). Nominate race intergrades with australis in S & E of its range. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. c. castanotis Gould, 1834 – S & E Colombia and W Brazil (along N bank of R Solimões–Amazon to lower R Negro) S to SE Peru and, in Brazil, to Acre and S Amazonas (extending E to R Madeira).
  • P. c. australis Cassin, 1867 – NC Brazil S of Amazon E to Parintins and S to N Bolivia, E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones) and SE Brazil (E to W Minas Gerais and W São Paulo, and Paraná to N Rio Grande do Sul).
  • Descriptive notes

    43–47 cm; 220–310 g (slightly lighter to S). Male nominate race with black crown to nape, brown to chestnut sides of head, lower nape and upper throat, lower... read more


    Major call “sneeep” to longer “psheee-eeep”, in irregular series at c. 2... read more


    Shows predilection for wet forest about lakes and rivers, várzea flooded forest, forest... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on fruits such as those of Cecropia, Coussapoa, Ficus, Ocotea and others; at times, takes flowers... read more


    Season Feb–Sept in N & W, Jun–Jan in Bolivia; Sept–Feb in SE Brazil, NE Argentina and E Paraguay. More than pair may... read more


    Crosses rivers, occasionally large ones; in SE, numbers gather in loose flocks, which move into... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Considered common in Colombia and Peru, uncommon to fairly common in Ecuador; probably relatively common throughout much of rest of range.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Short, L.L. (2020). Chestnut-eared Araçari (Pteroglossus castanotis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).