Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Chestnut-fronted Macaw (Ara severus)


French: Ara vert German: Rotbugara Spanish: Guacamayo severo

Psittacus severus


, 1758,

Indies; error = Amazon River


Often treated as comprising two races, W populations (castaneifrons) being marginally larger, but differences likely to be clinal. Genus is masculine#R, so emended spelling severa is incorrect. Monotypic.


E Panama and Colombia, on W slope of Andes to S Ecuador, and, E of Andes, E to Venezuela and the Guianas, and farther S to E Ecuador, E Peru, E Bolivia and through N Brazil E to Amapá and Pará.

Descriptive notes

46–51 cm; 285–387 g (other data suggest mean of 430 g). Narrow dark chestnut frontal band, rest of crown dull turquoise; bare facial patch extending over eye... read more


Flight calls rasping noisy screeches, higher-pitched and faster than other macaws and more grating... read more


Seasonally flooded (várzea) forest, early successional growth along rivers, gallery... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds of Sclerolobium albiflorum, Sapium aereum, Cedrela odorata, Cupania cinerea, pulp of ... read more


Feb in Panama; Mar–May in Colombia and Surinam; Sept–Dec or later in SC Brazil. Prefers tall dead palms, in one case ... read more


No evidence other than the possible vertical movement noted above.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. No evidence of any substantial decline in overall numbers; indeed may increase range with patchy forest clearance creating... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Chestnut-fronted Macaw (Ara severus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).