Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Least Concern

Chestnut-headed Crake (Rufirallus castaneiceps)


Taxonomy

French: Râle à masque rouge German: Rotmaskenralle Spanish: Polluela pituro
Taxonomy:

Porzana castaneiceps

P. L. Sclater and Salvin

, 1869,

Río Napo, eastern Ecuador

.

Sometimes placed in genus Rallina, but lacks wing-barring and has very short tail. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • R. c. coccineipes (Olson, 1973) – S Colombia, NE Ecuador and N Peru (S to R Napo).
  • R. c. castaneiceps (P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868) – E Ecuador and E Peru; presumably this race#R in extreme NW Bolivia (Pando)#R and W Brazil (Acre, Rondônia)#R.
  • Descriptive notes

    19–22 cm; 1 female 126 g. Tail very short. Sexes alike. Distinguished from R. viridis by dark brown underparts and entirely rufous face; from Porzana... read more

    Voice

    Song is a synchronized duet, one bird making loud, high-pitched “ti-too” call and the... read more

    Habitat

    Normally said to inhabit humid terra firme forest and banks of forest streams, but in NW... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food not recorded, but species presumably feeds on insects and other small invertebrates. Forages on ground inside dense thickets, flicking... read more

    Breeding

    Bolivia, nearly grown young Jun (egg laid May?); Colombia, breeding condition Jun. Two nests found in Jun and Dec in Ecuador, with two eggs... read more

    Movements

    None recorded.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Regarded as uncommon to rare throughout its range, and possibly of rather local distribution. Status difficult to assess, as birds... read more

    Recommended citation

    Taylor, B. (2019). Chestnut-headed Crake (Rufirallus castaneiceps). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53594 on 11 December 2019).