French: Capucin à tête noire German: Schwarzkappennonne Spanish: Capuchino castaño
“les Grandes-Indes“= lower Bengal, India
Subspecies and Distribution
L. a. rubronigra
(Hodgson, 1836) – foothills of N India and Nepal terai.
L. a. atricapilla
(Vieillot, 1807) – N India (from Punjab E to Brahmaputra Valley, S to Bihar and N Odisha), Bangladesh, Myanmar and S China (SW Yunnan).
L. a. deignani
Parkes, 1958 – Thailand (except C & NE), Indochina and SE China, including Hainan.
L. a. sinensis
(Blyth, 1852) – Malay Peninsula, lowland Sumatra and Riau and Lingga Archipelagos.
L. a. batakana
(Chasen & Kloss, 1929) – mountains of N Sumatra.
L. a. formosana
(Swinhoe, 1865) – Taiwan and N Philippines (N Luzon).
L. a. jagori
(C. E. Martens, 1866) – Philippines (S of N Luzon) and Borneo.
L. a. brunneiceps
(Walden, 1872) – Sulawesi, Togian Is, Banggai Is, Muna and Butung.
11–12 cm; 10·1–15·8 g. Male nominate race has head to nape and breast glossy black, upperparts dark chestnut, rump and uppertail-coverts reddish chestnut, tips of... read more
Soft contact call a clear “pee” or “peet”; loud contact call “pink!... read more
Inhabits grassland, including cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica), open wetlands, freshwater... read more
Food and feeding
Grass seeds, including rice; rice favoured food when available, taken mainly at growing milky stage. Takes seeds while perched on stem, and... read more
Season mostly Jun–Sept in Indian Subcontinent and C Thailand (Bangkok area); in Malay Peninsula mid-Dec to mid-Oct (males maintain... read more
Resident, with local movements; seasonal altitudinal migration noted in Borneo.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to locally abundant. Abundant in parts of Indian Subcontinent. Locally common in SE Asia; perhaps extirpated in Laos, where... read more
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