Lake Ciar-Ciar (= Chercher), Hararghe, Ethiopia.
Has been separated in genus Oreocolinus. Validity of proposed races bottegi (S Ethiopia) and gofanus (SW Ethiopia) doubtful owing to clinal variation, and all are included in nominate; similarly, patrizii (SW Ethiopia) subsumed within kaffanus. Hitherto considered to include P. atrifrons, which however differs in entirely chestnut-free plumage (3); absence of broad bold grey markings on feathers of breast, flanks and thighs with contrasting white fringes or internal bars (3); breast thereby left with soft-edged arrow-shaped grey scaling (ns) and belly much plainer and unmarked, dull creamy white (1); smaller size, reflected in somewhat smaller bill, legs and feet (sample small; projected score 1). Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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