French: Râle à ventre roux German: Kastanienbauchralle Spanish: Cotara australiana
Other common names: Chestnut-bellied Rail
Flinders River, Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia.
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
E. c. sharpei
Rothschild, 1906 – Aru Is.
E. c. castaneoventris
Gould, 1844 – N coasts of Australia from N Western Australia (Kimberley) through Northern Territory to Gulf of Carpentaria.
Male 52 cm, 626–910 (752) g; female 44–52 cm, 550–710 (628) g. Largest rallid in its habitat; thickset species with longish tail, long, heavy, greenish bill... read more
Poorly known. Normal call a harsh screech, preceded by grunt and usually repeated c. 12 times;... read more
Tropical estuaries, preferring mangrove forests, tidal channels and flats, especially seaward... read more
Food and feeding
Takes mainly crabs and other crustaceans; also small molluscs, insects and centipedes. Both diurnally and nocturnally active. Forages in... read more
Very poorly known. Breeds Sept–Feb. Monogamous; territorial when breeding. Nest a large, loose platform of dead sticks, grass, leaves... read more
Probably sedentary; no long distance movements recorded. When feeding, moves to higher ground as... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Patchily recorded, with several apparent gaps in distribution which may be due to incomplete coverage by observers; status uncertain... read more
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