French: Paruline à flancs marron German: Gelbscheitel-Waldsänger Spanish: Reinita de Pensilvania
“Pensylvania” = near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
S Canada (from Saskatchewan E to Nova Scotia), S through Great Lakes region to NE USA (Minnesota E to New England) and S in Appalachians to N Georgia and N Alabama. Migrates to non-breeding grounds mainly from SE Mexico S to Panama, rare to NW Colombia and NW Venezuela; a few winter in Caribbean.
12–13 cm; 7·5–13·1 g. Male breeding has yellow crown, thick black eyestripe, white forehead and side of face, and narrow black ‘moustache... read more
Has two song types. Typical Type 1 song a series of loud whistled notes with terminal flourish,... read more
Breeds in young second-growth deciduous forest, forest edges and clearings, brushy thickets, and... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds mainly on insects and other arthropods, mainly spiders (Araneae); also some seeds and berries in winter. Forages mainly at low to... read more
Season May–Aug, occasionally to early Sept; egg-laying May–Jul, occasionally as late as early Aug. Nest a cup of grasses,... read more
Long-distance migrant. Leaves breeding grounds in late Aug and early Sept, arriving on winter... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common. Breeds occasionally outside normal range in C Alberta (W Canada) and Colorado (WC USA). Being a bird of scrub and young... read more
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