Family New World Quails (Odontophoridae)

Near Threatened

Chestnut Wood-quail (Odontophorus hyperythrus)


French: Tocro marron German: Kastanienwachtel Spanish: Corcovado castaño

Odontophorus hyperythrus


, 1857,

Santa Fé de Bogotá, Colombia


Sometimes considered conspecific with O. erythrops, O. melanonotus and O. speciosus. Possibly most closely related to O. speciosus. Some evidence of differences in plumage colour between populations of W Andes and C Andes; more study required. Monotypic.


C & W Andes of Colombia; more locally in E Andes#R.

Descriptive notes

25–29 cm; male 325–380 g, female 325–330 g. Overall coloration chestnut to dark brown; feathers around eye and ear-coverts greyish white. Head chestnut,... read more


Advertising call much like those of congeners, being a rollicking, rapidly repeated duet, “... read more


Montane subtropical forests at 1600–2800 m, including dense second growth and forest borders... read more

Food and feeding

Consumes seeds and berries, and possibly also insects. Forages by scratching in leaf-litter for roots, seeds and fruits which have fallen... read more


Until recently unknown, with laying thought to be during Apr–May, based on gonad development, while recent observations in C Andes... read more


Presumably sedentary. Groups of 3–9 individuals reported. Group home range size (maintained... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted range; very little information available. Total population may number fewer than 10,000 birds, and... read more

Recommended citation

Carroll, J.P., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Chestnut Wood-quail (Odontophorus hyperythrus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 April 2020).