Family Thrushes (Turdidae)

Least Concern

Chiguanco Thrush (Turdus chiguanco)


French: Merle chiguanco German: Chiguancodrossel Spanish: Mirlo chiguanco

T[urdus]. chiguanco

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1837,

Tacua, Peru


Hitherto treated as conspecific with T. anthracinus (which see). Race conradi often subsumed into nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. c. conradi Salvadori & Festa, 1899 – C Ecuador S to C Peru.
  • T. c. chiguanco d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 – coastal Peru, W Bolivia (La Paz) and extreme N Chile (S to Tarapacá).
  • Descriptive notes

    25–28 cm; 82·8–107 g. Nominate race is plain olive grey-brown, slightly paler below, with vague buffy throat streaks; bill and legs yellow; iris red to... read more


    Song, mainly at dawn and dusk and only in breeding season, from high branch, telephone line or... read more


    Agricultural and semi-open areas with scattered trees, thickets and hedges, gardens, parks and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Earthworms, insects (including noctuid moth caterpillars), spiders; fruits of cultivated trees. Usually observed alone or in loose pairs.... read more


    Surprisingly poorly known. Fledglings in Apr and Jul in Ecuador; birds in breeding condition in Nov and Dec, nestbuilding in late Oct and a... read more


    Presumably sedentary; in Ecuador has been known to wander as far N as Volcán Pichincha.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common, and a rather familiar species. Very widespread in Peru. Possibly expanding its range N in Ecuador, since all... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., de Juana, E. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Chiguanco Thrush (Turdus chiguanco). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).