Family Flamingos (Phoenicopteridae)

Near Threatened

Chilean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis)


French: Flamant du Chili German: Chileflamingo Spanish: Flamenco chileno

Phoenicopterus Chilensis


, 1782,





WC Ecuador S through Andes to Tierra del Fuego, extending E to S Brazil and Uruguay.

Descriptive notes

105 cm; 1720–2500 g. Yellowish-grey legs with contrasting red knees and feet. Black of bill tip extends beyond bend; rest of bill very pale. Immature grey with brown... read more


Commonest call is a rather subdued goose-like nasal tri-syllabic “ka-ha-hann” or “ro-ro-roh”. Also... read more


Coastal mudflats, estuaries, lagoons and salt lakes from sea level up to 4500 m. On lakes with fish... read more

Food and feeding

Generalist. Takes aquatic invertebrates, including: crustaceans, e.g. brine shrimps (Artemia), copepods (Boeckella),... read more


Laying from Nov in S Argentina, Dec in Cordoba (C Argentina), Jan–Mar in altiplano, and Oct in extreme N of range at L Jun... read more


Birds breeding in high Andes winter along the Pacific coast or move to lower latitudes within... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. The most numerous and widespread flamingo in South America, where a coordinated census in 2010 found... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Chilean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).