Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Chilean Pigeon (Patagioenas araucana)


French: Pigeon du Chili German: Araukanertaube Spanish: Paloma araucana

Columba araucana

Lesson and Garnot#R

, 1827,

Talcahuano, Concepción Bay, Chile


Closely related to P. fasciata, P. albilinea and P. caribaea. Monotypic.


C & S Chile from Coquimbo S to C Fjordlands, including Mocha I; also SC & S Argentina, from Neuquén to W Chubut, and also SW Santa Cruz.

Descriptive notes

34–35 cm. Mostly reddish purple throughout with narrow white half collar on neck and iridescent green nape patch below this collar; wing-coverts grey shading to bluish... read more


Male gives short, 5–6-note series of soft, deep-sounding calls, which are repeated at short... read more


Inhabits forest and woodland in both lowlands and highlands up to 1500 m, notably where ... read more

Food and feeding

Relishes fruits of Araucaria araucana, but reported to take wide range of fruits and berries. Arboreal and often gregarious feeder... read more


Eggs found Dec–Mar, also in May. Sometimes breeds in large loose colonies. Often nests in bamboo thickets. Display flight level and... read more


Mainly winters in C Chile, exceptionally N to Antofagasta, but some birds occur S to Pení... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Previously considered Near Threatened. Almost extirpated by Newcastle’s Disease by 1954, but has recovered well and now fairly common again in... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Chilean Pigeon (Patagioenas araucana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 January 2020).