Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Critically Endangered

Chilean Woodstar (Eulidia yarrellii)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri d’Arica German: Aricaelfe Spanish: Colibrí de Arica
Taxonomy:

Trochilus Yarrellii

Bourcier

, 1847,

Montevideo; error = Arica, Chile

.

Relationships unclear; usually placed in monotypic genus, as here, but external morphology and behaviour support treatment within Myrtis. Possible hybridization with Thaumastura cora indicated#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

N Chile in Lluta, Azapa and Vitor Valleys (Arica); historical record as far S as N Antofagasta. Few sight records in S Peru (Tacna and possibly Moquegua)#R.

Descriptive notes

7·5–8 cm; 2·3–2·6 g. Male has short black bill; upperparts iridescent olive green; throat shining violet-red, underparts white; central tail... read more

Voice

Calls considered to be less musical than Thaumastura cora; slightly raspy “tsick” notes... read more

Habitat

Cultivated desert river valleys and gardens from 200 m to 750 m, commonest below 400 m, with a... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering Lantana, Hibiscus, shrubs, cacti and Legumi­nosae trees such as Inga feulles. Recent... read more

Breeding

Little known. Nesting records are available from May, Aug and Sept, while an immature was collected in Nov, and juveniles and partially... read more

Movements

Presumably sedentary for the most part, occasionally straggling S into N Antofagasta, Chile, but... read more

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. CITES II. A little-known, restricted-range species: present in Peru-Chile Pacific Slope EBA. Until 2000 ranked as Vulnerable, and only uplisted to... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Chilean Woodstar (Eulidia yarrellii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55662 on 25 April 2019).