Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Least Concern

Chinese Francolin (Francolinus pintadeanus)


French: Francolin perlé German: Perlfrankolin Spanish: Francolín chino

Tetrao Pintadeanus


, 1786,



Present species, F. francolinus and F. pictus appear to form a group of closely related species. Form F. boineti (with black throat and cheeks, and blackish ventral region), described on basis of a single male specimen from Tonkin (N Vietnam), now considered a very well-marked variant of race phayrei#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • F. p. phayrei (Blyth, 1843) – NE India (S Manipur) E through Myanmar to Vietnam, Cambodia and W & S Thailand.
  • F. p. pintadeanus (Scopoli, 1786) – SE China from Yunnan E through S Guizhou, Guangxi, Hainan I and Guangdong to Zhejiang.
  • Introduced to Luzon (Philippines), where possibly no longer extant, and Mauritius; possibly also to Madagascar and Seychelles.

    Descriptive notes

    c. 31–34 cm; male 284–397 g, female c. 310 g. Male differs from other spotted francolins by thin black malar stripe and lack of subterminal buff bands on... read more


    Very noisy in breeding season. Male utters advertising call from prominent post or stump, a series... read more


    Dry, open forest and scrub, grassland and margins of cultivated areas; low oak scrub in Himalayan... read more

    Food and feeding

    Seeds, shoots and insects. Most active early morning and evening, and although small coveys usually forage in cover they readily enter... read more


    Lays Mar–Sept in S Asia; Mar–Apr in S Myanmar, but nests reported in Sept–Oct. Nest a lined scrape in ground amongst... read more


    Sedentary. When hard-pressed, will fly into tree to perch.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: safe. Very widely distributed, occurring in suitable habitat in an area larger than 2,000,000 km² in size. Very few... read more

    Recommended citation

    McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Chinese Francolin (Francolinus pintadeanus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 December 2019).