Family Laughingthrushes and allies (Leiotrichidae)

Least Concern

Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus)


French: Garrulaxe hoamy German: Augenbrauenhäherling Spanish: Charlatán canoro

[Turdus] Canorus


, 1758,

Amoy, Fujian, China


Formerly treated as conspecific with G. taewanus, but differs significantly in plumage, iris colour, morphometrics and genetics, and to some degree in voice. Genetic differentiation also used to suggest race owstoni could be treated specifically#R. Proposed race mengliensis (described from Menglian, SW Yunnan) probably best included in nominate#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. c. canorus (Linnaeus, 1758) – SE China from S Gansu, S Shaanxi, Hubei, SE Henan and S Jiangsu S to Yunnan (except NW), Guangxi and Guangdong, also E Laos and Vietnam (S to NC Annam).
  • G. c. owstoni (Rothschild, 1903) – Hainan.
  • Introduced in Taiwan, Japan (Honshu, Kyushu) and Hawaii.

    Descriptive notes

    21–24 cm; 49–75 g. Relatively plain medium-sized laughingthrush, warm brown with darker streaking on head and breast, and with bold white eyering and postocular... read more


    Song by male rich, varied, quite high-pitched, including regular repetition and some mimicry;... read more


    Shrublands, open woodland, thickets, scrub, bamboo, reeds, tall grass, gardens, vacant lots in... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mainly insects, including locust eggs (Locustidae) and ants (Formicidae); also fruit, seeds and sometimes cultivated maize (Zea)... read more


    Mar–Aug; multi-brooded. Nest is reported to be a large cup, outwardly rough but with well-defined walls, made of leaves (including... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Relatively common in Chinese range. In recent fieldwork in S China found at 36 sites (67% of those visited), including Shiwandashan... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Robson, C. (2020). Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 February 2020).