Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)


Chinese Monal (Lophophorus lhuysii)


French: Lophophore de Lhuys German: Grünschwanzmonal Spanish: Monal coliverde

Lophophorus Lhuysii

A. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire

, 1866,

Moupin, China




C China in Sichuan, S Gansu and possibly NW Yunnan; no recent records from NW Sichuan, SE Qinghai or E Tibet.

Descriptive notes

Male 75–80 cm, c. 2837–3008 g; female 72–75 cm, 3178 g. Noticeably larger and more heavily built than other monals, with much stouter bill; however, there... read more


Male call, given in mornings in spring and summer, is a whistled series of 3–4 “guo-guo... read more


Inhabits subalpine and alpine meadows with bare rock outcrops, and coniferous and Rhododendron... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on roots, bulbs, leaves and flowers, including Anemone rivularis, Caltha palustris, Primula, Allium... read more


Season Mar–June, apparently earlier than other alpine pheasants in Sichuan, China. Nests found at 3800–4000 m, beside crags; at... read more


No seasonal movements: despite claims that species moves downhill in winter, evidence shows that it... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Mace Lande: vulnerable. CITES I. Object of study by He Fen qi of Academia Sinica, Beijing, a study made all the more difficult by remoteness of range; occurs in... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Chinese Monal (Lophophorus lhuysii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).