slopes of Volcán de Chiriquí, Panama.
Usually considered conspecific with G. aequinoctialis, but is genetically distant#R and differs from that species and G. auricularis by its small size (at least 1) albeit slightly longer bill (allow 1); greater extent of black on forecrown (score 2 vs aequinoctialis, 3 vs auricularis); much longer song (3), starting uniquely with a subphrase repeated several times (2) and continuing with a gradual acceleration (pace increase: ns); and unique long call (or alternative song), a long fast rattle initially descending in pitch (ns)#R. Monotypic.
Extreme S Costa Rica and adjacent SW Panama.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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