Hacienda Paramba, 3500 feet [c. 1065 m], Imbabura, Ecuador.
Hitherto considered conspecific with M. caniceps (and M. cinerea), but differs in its white vs yellow crown patch (3); slightly smaller size but notably smaller bill (small sample but allow 2); trill-song with many fewer notes (3), all notes more spaced but particularly the first 2–3 (2)#R. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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