Family Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Near Threatened

Choco Poorwill (Nyctiphrynus rosenbergi)


French: Engoulevent du Choco German: Rosenberg-Nachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras del Chocó

Caprimulgus rosenbergi

E. J. O. Hartert

, 1895,

Rio Dagua, Colombia


Formerly considered conspecific with N. ocellatus, but differs vocally; the two may not even be closely related. Monotypic.


Chocó region of W Colombia S to NW Ecuador (S to N Pichincha).

Descriptive notes

19·5–21 cm; 1 female 52 g. Sexes similar. Upperparts and wing-coverts darkish brown, washed cinnamon and rather heavily spotted blackish-brown, with two or three... read more


Song of male is a short, resonant “kwor, kwor, kweeé”, final note being whistled. Sings... read more


Mainly primary forest but also adjacent secondary forest, from sea-level to 900 m.

Food and feeding

Feeds mainly on moths and beetles (including Scarabaeidae and Curculionidae). Forages by hawking for insects above forest canopies and in... read more


Almost entirely unknown. Breeds Mar–Jun in Ecuador (chicks found mid-Apr) and May–Jun in Colombia (chicks found early Jun).


None recorded. Sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Chocó EBA. In W Colombia, possibly locally widespread in suitable... read more

Recommended citation

Cleere, N. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Choco Poorwill (Nyctiphrynus rosenbergi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).